In nearly every phase of construction, whether of metal parts or wooden parts, there are many questions that need answered. Today we look at the simple act of cutting.
As counterintuitive as it may seem, cutting tools are just one facet of the act of cutting. Designs must be drawn up, and pieces must be measured and marked, before they are brought anywhere near the cutting tools. The pieces must then be secured next to the cutting tools. This can be accomplished by a variety of methods, including vises, toggle clamps, C clamps, wood clamps, grooves, or screw clamps.
Only then can the cutting tools be applied. But “cutting” is only a vague term. Pieces can be trimmed, chopped, shaped, grooved, scored, molded, bored, beveled, or drilled. And with each type of cut, there are numerous devices that can help position, guide, or secure a piece. In drilling, for example, extra cylinders called drill bushings can be used to accurately center small cross drilled holes in the bases of larger partially bored holes.
And once the piece is cut (or trimmed or chopped or shaped, et al), it must be “finished”. With wooden pieces this involves removing any protruding chips or splinters from the cut edges. This is usually done with abrasive belts or sanders. Metal pieces need to be “deburred”. Burrs are metal curls, splinters, or partially attached shavings that must be removed in order for the edges of the metal components to fit flush with each other. Deburring tools can be operated by hand or by use of a small, low torque rotary device.
Add to that any staining, polishing, and inspecting that needs to be done before the piece is finally ready to leave the factory floor, and you can begin to see the complexity involved with something so simple as “cutting” a piece of metal or wood. Find more on this topic here.